Terminology

Kensho Dojo is a Shotokan Karate club located in Tilehurst, in Reading - based in the Thames Valley area of Berkshire. Weekly martial arts instruction include Shotokan Karate class with a belend of Tai Chi and Aikido. The club is affiliated to the English Traditional Karate Federation, and accepts members from Reading, Lower Earley, Woodley, Earley, Calcot, Burghfield Common, Caversham and Tilehurst

To view Japanese terminology used in Karate with its English translation, please click on the section header below

General terms

Karate Empty Hand
Dojo Practice Hall
Tatame Mat
Gi Suit
Obi Belt
Kumite Contest
Kyusho Vital parts of the body
Migi Right side
Hidari Left side
Kata Form
Empi Elbow
Hiza Knee
Kakato Heel
Ashi waza Kicking techniques
Hajime Begin
Yamay Return to ready position
Mawatte Turn
Jodan upper level
Chudan Middle level
Gedan lower level
Kiai Shout of spirit

Etiquette

Seiza Kneel to instructor
Sensei Ni Rei Bow to instructor
Otagi Ni Rei Bow to dojo and all assembled
Kiritsu Stand
Rei Bow

Basic Postures

Heisoku Dachi Informal Attention Stance
Musubi Dachi Informal Attention Stance - Feet turned out
Heiko Dachi Parallel Stance
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Inverted Open Leg Stance
Hachiji Dachi Open Leg Stance
Teiji Dachi T Stance
Renoji Dachi Lo Stance
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Stance
Kiba Dachi Straddle Leg Stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back Stance
Ju Dachi Free Stance
Shiko Dachi Square Stance
Fudo Dachi Rooted Stance
Neko Asshi Dachi Cat Stance
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass Stance
Hangetsu Dachi Half Moon Stance

Punches

Oi Tzuki Lunge Punch
Gyaku Tzuki Reverse Punch
Kizami Tzuki Jab Punch
Nagashi Tzuki Flowing Punch
Ren Tzuki Alternative Punching
Dan Tzuki Consecutive Punching
Morote Tzuki Two Hand Punch

Types of punches

Tate Tzuki Vertical Punch
Age Tzuki Rising Punch
Ura Tzuki Close Punch
Kage Tzuki Hook Punch
Mawashi Tzuki Roundhouse Punch
Awase Tzuki U Punch
Yama Tzuki Wide U Punch
Heiko Tzuki Parallel Punch
Hasami Tzuki Scissor Punch

Blocks

Gedan Bari Downward Block
Age Uke Rising Block
Soto Uke Outside Block
Uchi Uke Inside Block
Shoto Uke Knife Hand Block
Tate Shuto Uke Vertical Knife Hand Block
Kake Shuto Uke Hooking Knife Hand Block
Haishu Uke Back Hand Block
Haiwan Na Gashi Uke Sweeping Back Hand Block
Te Nagashi Uke Sweeping Hand Block
Te Osae Uke Pressing Hand Block
Tekube Kake Uke Hooking Wrist Block
Maeude Deai Osae Uke Twisting Forearm Block
Maeude Hineri Uke Pressing Forearm Block

Double hand blocks

Morote Uke Augmented Forearm Block
Juji Uke X Block
Sokumen Awase Uke Side Combined Block
Ryosho Uke Two Handed Grasping Block
Kakewake Uke Reverse Wedge Block

Kicks

Mae Geri Front Kick
Yoko Geri Side Kick
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick
Ura Mawashi Geri Reverse Roundhouse Kick
Ushiro Geri Back Kick
Tobi Geri Jump Kick
Kakato Geri Axe Kick
Kekome Thrust
Keage Snap

Strikes

Uraken Backfist Strike
Kentsui Hammer Fist Strike
Empi Elbow Strike
Tate Empi Upward Elbow Strike
Yoko Empi Side Elbow Strike
Mae Empi Forward Elbow Strike
Yoko Mawashi Empi Side Roundhouse Elbow Strike
Otoshi Empi Downward Elbow Strike
Shuto Uchi Knife Hand Strike

Body parts - Hands and Arms

Seiken Forefist
Uraken Backfist
Kentsui Hammerfist
Ippon Ken One Knuckle Fist
Nakadaka Ken Middle Knuckle Fist
Hiraken Fore Knuckle Fist
Shuto Knife Hand
Haito Ridge Hand
Haishu Back Hand
Nukite Spear Hand
Teisho Palm Heel
Seiryuto Ox Jaw Hand
Kumade Bear Hand
Washide Eagle Hand
Keito Chicken Head Wrist
Kakuto Bent Wrist
Ude Arm
Empi Elbow

Body parts - Feet and Legs

Koshi Ball of the foot
Sokuto Edge of the foot
Kakuto Heel
Haisoku Instep
Tsumasaki Toe Tips
Hizagashira Knee

Sparring

Ippon Kumite One step sparring
Nihon Kumite Two step sparring
Sanbon Kumite Three step sparring
Jiyu Free Fighting
Shiai Full Contest

Numbers in Japanese

Ichi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku Nine
Juu Ten